The National Cleaner Production Centre South Africa (NCPC-SA) launched an Industrial Symbiosis Programme (ISP) with the North West provincial government and local municipalities to enable sustainable waste disposal in that province.

The programme has now been implemented in all nine provinces, with the Western Cape supported by non-profit organisation Green Cape.



With South Africa producing millions of tonnes of waste a year, the ISP promotes circularity, diverts waste from landfills and creates entrepreneurship opportunities by facilitating synergetic relationships between companies with underutilised resources and those requiring these resources to produce other goods.

In 2022, an estimated 215 000 t of waste were diverted from landfills through industrial symbiosis initiatives in South Africa. The waste is used by other entities, often small and microenterprises, as inputs for various products and processes.

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